A Review of Bruno Macaes’s “History Has Begun”

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https://www.amazon.com/History-Has-Begun-Birth-America/dp/0197528341

It is hard not to notice the reference to The End of History in the title of political scientist Bruno Maçães’s latest book, History Has Begun. It is harder still not to appreciate the audacity with which Maçães attempts to meet the challenge implied in Francis Fukuyama’s 1992 work, still unanswered all these years later. To reject the “End of History” is to claim the discovery of a new form of politics, one that transcends liberalism in producing a higher form of civilization both in increased happiness and prosperity. …


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Rivendell

[Note: This piece contains as many LOTR references as I could possibly include. Please enjoy.]

In 2021, it will have been twenty-years since Peter Jackson’s Lord of the Rings trilogy made its cinematic debut. Since the time of its release, the series has gone on to become one of the most successful film trilogies of all time: boasting billions in revenue, universal critical acclaim, and a devoted fan-base the world over. With loads of supporting evidence, there’s a good argument to be made that the Lord of the Rings trilogy is perhaps the greatest work in cinematic history.

Recently, I’ve…


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If there’s any credence to horseshoe theory (there isn’t), look no further than a pervasive dissatisfaction with institutional government. The populist fringes of the left and right share a consensus view that current political issues have less to do with who’s in office and more to do with the legal and political institutions of government themselves.

On the left for example, you don’t have to do much digging to find calls for abolishing the Senate or electoral college, institutions derided as outmoded and undemocratic. And on the right — though it might be sufficient to simply point out that the…


Why Liberalism Failed

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Despite what the title suggests, the central thesis of Patrick Deneen’s Why Liberalism Failed isn't that liberalism has failed. Rather, it’s that liberalism has won — and won big.

For those of us who live in modern democracies, recognizing the philosophical assumptions that guide our lives can be challenging. We tend to think of ourselves as unburdened by the ideological weights that so possessed our ancestors. We think of ourselves as ideologically neutral, answering to the facts as they present themselves. Our problems result from practical concerns, surely not from our way of thinking. This, as Deneen…

R.C.K.L.

Pianist|| Teacher|| mostly politics and news media||

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